Executive Summary

 19th Meeting of the OIE Sub-Commission for Foot and Mouth Disease Control in South-East Asia and China

Orchard Road, Singapore, 19-22 March 2013

The 19th meeting of the OIE Sub-Commission for Foot and Mouth Disease Control in South-East Asia and China was held in Singapore from 19-22 March 2013. The purpose of the meeting was to review recent developments in FMD in the region and worldwide, assess program progress and key developments, and make recommendations on policy, strategic, technical and governance matters.

In their opening remarks, Dr. Mohamad Maliki bin Osman, Senior Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of National Development and Ministry of Defence of Singapore and Dr. Bernard Vallat, OIE Director-General made a number of key introductory points including the importance of the overarching issues of food security and the high cost impacts of disease on food production globally. They recommended that efforts must be made to improve collaboration and explore new ways of controlling and eradicating FMD in a sustainable manner. Although the incidence of FMD over the past year has been relatively low, strong action is needed now along with strong support at the political level to ensure the adequacy of biosecurity and vaccination programs to combat declining FMD immunity levels and increasing levels of FMD risk.

The STANDZ Initiative, funded by the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID), with its key emphasis on Phase 4 (2011 -2015) of the SEACFMD programme, places particular importance on a range of matters including technical and scientific developments, innovative approaches to support disease management and vaccination such as the Small Grants Facility (SGF), and shared funding with other agencies and stakeholders, the key role of SEACFMD Members in driving national programs, monitoring and evaluation, gender mainstreaming and governance issues. Much progress has been made with the Programme since the Sub-Commission Meeting in Lijiang City, Yunnan, P.R. China in 2012. This includes significant progress in updating by Cambodia, Lao PDR and Myanmar of their National FMD Control Programmes, targeted vaccination campaigns in these three countries with support fromEU-funded OIE vaccine bank for FMD with 800,000 doses and STANDZ though SGF, epidemiological and socio-economic studies in Vietnam. These activities have contributed to the reduction in the number of outbreaks in the pilot areas over the last year as well as raised awareness of farmers and traders of FMD control and prevention measures.

More advanced Member countries have progressed FMD control programmes and are developing or updating their National FMD Plans for submission to OIE for official recognition. These Countries are using mainly their own resources to support planned FMD control measures.

There has been improved cooperation and coordination with other funded projects including the OIE/Japan Trust Fund Project on FMD control in Asia and the FAO/Republic of Korea project on FMD control in South-East Asia. Key results that have been achieved under the SEACFMD umbrella include harmonization of work plans to ensure complementarity of activities and appointment of SEACFMD National Coordinators as the National Coordinators for these other donor-assisted FMD control projects. Importantly, it was agreed that Japan become a Member of the OIE Sub-Commission Steering Committee to facilitate coordination and avoid duplication of work.

From a governance perspective, the Terms of Reference of the OIE Sub-Commission for FMD Control in South-East Asia and China and its Steering Committee were modified to take account of the changing circumstances of the SEACFMD Programme. Given the importance of the SEACFMD Programme, the applicability of its approach to the coordination of other diseases, and the need for continuing high-level engagement and support, it was agreed that OIE Delegates and High-Level Officials be invited to attend a special session of the next OIE Sub-Commission Meeting and that rabies be included on the agenda.

The meeting identified a number of issues that will be addressed over the next 12 months. Possible solutions to these include the development of a vaccine matching plan for circulating viruses in the region (including local and international strains) through the OIE FMD Reference Laboratories in Pakchong, Lanzhou and Pirbright; ensure the sustained use of vaccines complying with OIE standards described in the Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals; development of a country-by-country plan to collect appropriate and significant number of clinical samples from each endemic country for characterization at the OIE FMD Reference Laboratory in Pirbright (virus sequencing and vaccine matching); examination of cost-recovery options for vaccination programmes; development of a pilot survey to examine the overall impacts of vaccination (including economic impacts on livestock holders (delivering and administering the vaccines) to support applications for donor funding for vaccines; to conduct more in-depth outbreak investigations; to conduct outbreak investigation and management training; and finalization of the draft National FMD Plans of Cambodia, Lao PDR and Myanmar for endorsement by their governments.

Recommendations

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